Twelve Apostles of Ireland

This article is about the group of Irish saints. For the IRA unit sometimes known as the Twelve Apostles, see The Squad (Irish Republican Army unit).

St. Finnian imparting his blessing to the Twelve Apostles of Ireland

The Twelve Apostles of Ireland (also known as Twelve Apostles of Erin, Irish: Dhá Aspal Déag na hÉireann) were twelve early Irish monastic saints of the sixth century who studied under St Finnian (d. 549) at his famous monastic school Clonard Abbey at Cluain-Eraird (Eraird's Meadow), now Clonard in County Meath.

Contents

History

Clonard Abbey, situated on the River Boyne in modern County Meath was one of the main monastic schools in early Christian Ireland. During the 6th century, some of the most significant names in the history of Irish Christianity studied at the Clonard monastery. It is said that the average number of scholars under instruction at Clonard was 3,000. Twelve students who studied under St Finian became known as the "Twelve Apostles of Ireland".

This tradition is recorded in the 17th century, possibly based on older sources. The twelve saints are grouped together as such in the text Dá apstol décc na hÉrenn ("The Twelve Apostles of Ireland", the modern Irish being Dhá Aspal Déag na hÉireann). The text is preserved in a manuscript that belonged to Michael O'Clery (Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale MS 2324–2340), dated 1629.

In the narrative, the twelve apostles of Ireland are gathered together for a feast in the house of St Finian, a magical flower appears in their midst. It is decided that a voyage to the flower's homeland is to be undertaken by one of them, the choice of person then being determined by casting lots. When, however, the lot falls on the old Brendan of Birr, his younger namesake Brendan moccu Altae goes in his stead. Brendan sets out with many companions and undergoes many adventures, much as related in Brendan's Life.

The Twelve Apostles

  1. Saint Ciarán of Saighir (Seir-Kieran). In the Martyrology of Oengus, saint Ciarán of Saighir is not listed as one of the twelve apostles of Ireland and instead is replaced by Finnian of Clonard himself. The numbering of Finnian as one of the Twelve, and not Ciarán of Saighir, appears to be the older tradition, by which Ciarán was attached to pair with Ciarán of Clon.
  2. ...read more

Twelve Apostles (disambiguation)
3 months ago

Twelve Apostles (disambiguation) ... The Twelve Apostles may refer to: Twelve Apostles, the twelve chosen followers of Jesus Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (LDS Church), a leadership organization...

Apostles in Christianity
3 months ago

Apostles in Christianity ... Gospel of Luke of there having been as many as seventy apostles during the time of Jesus' ministry. The commissioning of the Twelve Apostles during the...

The Squad (Irish Republican Army unit)
3 months ago

The Squad (Irish Republican Army unit) ... Twelve Apostles, was an Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit founded by Michael Collins to counter British intelligence efforts during the Irish War of Independence...

Cainnech of Aghaboe
3 months ago

Cainnech of Aghaboe ... early medieval period. Cainnech is one of the Twelve Apostles of Ireland and preached Christianity across Ireland and to the Picts in Scotland. He wrote...

Twelve Apostles, West Yorkshire
3 months ago

Twelve Apostles, West Yorkshire ... The Twelve Apostles (grid reference SE12614506) is a stone circle near Ilkley and Burley in Wharfedale in West Yorkshire, England. Located on Rombalds...

Ciarán
4 months ago

Ciarán ... the Ciarraige and County Kerry, and two early Irish saints both counted among the Twelve Apostles of Ireland: Ciarán the Elder and Ciarán the Younger. It...

Brendan
5 months ago

Brendan ... monastic saints and one of the Twelve Apostles of Ireland. He is primarily renowned for his legendary quest to the "Isle of the Blessed", also denominated...

List of saints of Ireland
4 months ago

List of saints of Ireland ... Christianisation. Some of the most well known saints are the Twelve Apostles of Ireland and Brigid of Kildare. After 1000, the prerogative of naming saints was...

Columba
4 months ago

Columba ... said to be 300. Columba was one of twelve students of Finnian of Clonard who became known as the Twelve Apostles of Ireland. He became a monk and eventually...

McIntyre
4 months ago

McIntyre ... appears to be the oldest known record of the name; was one of the Twelve Apostles of Ireland. Notable people with the surname include: Archibald McIntyre...

Twelve Apostles Stone Circle
21 minutes ago
List of Eastern Orthodox saints
3 months ago
Irish people
4 months ago
Finnian of Clonard
3 months ago
Apostles' Creed
4 months ago
Ciarán of Saigir
3 months ago
Ruadhán of Lorrha
3 days ago
Ciarán of Clonmacnoise
4 months ago
Cernunnos
4 months ago
This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia® - the free encyclopedia created and edited by its online user community. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.